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  • Hema Chakraborty

Introduction to skin

Updated: Sep 29, 2020

Written By Hema Chakraborty, Certified Nurse on September 18, 2020

Many of us know about skin, but some don't know exactly what a skin is made up of. It's not only a single layer but a layer which has further three layers.

Knowing your skin is very much important to get rid of the skin conditions that happen to many of us.

So what is skin?

Skin is the largest organ of our body and is around 20 square feet spread all over the body, protecting our body from microbes, regulating body temperature, acts as a waterproof barrier and obviously all we know is that it permits sensations from touch, hot, cold and so on.


Skin has three layers:

  1. Epidermis: The uppermost layer of the skin, which provides protection, and gives us a skin tone.

  2. Dermis: The middle layer of the skin contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands.

  3. Hypodermis: The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermics) is made of fat and connective tissue.

Above is the overview of the skin.

Now let us know something about some skin conditions that we all usually tackle in our day to day life.

Common skin conditions

  • Rash- Any skin condition that affects the skin can be called a rash. It can be due to any allergic conditions, skin irritation or can be from any other medical conditions.


  • Acne- The most common skin problem that is faced both by male as well as female. It is common as puberty approaches. Around 85% of acne problems are affecting people in some or the other phase of life.


  • Dermatitis- "Derma" is the middle layer of the skin that is dermis, whereas "itis" means inflammation. It simply means inflammation of the middle layer of the skin.


  • Eczema-Skin inflammation (dermatitis) causing an itchy rash. Most often, it’s due to an overactive immune system.


  • Psoriasis- An autoimmune condition that can cause a variety of skin rashes. Silver, scaly plaques on the skin are the most common form.


  • Dandruff- A scaly condition of the scalp may be caused by seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, or eczema.


  • Cellulitis- Inflammation of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues, usually due to an infection. A red, warm, often painful skin rash generally results.

There are many more skin conditions, but we usually suffer from these above common skin conditions.



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